IF I give you the best computer in the world and asked you to get it to write books on all life that has lived and Keep a record and its evolution’s Since time began for all life on earth. Impossible ? DNA does that and everything is unique. Yet this is contained in your fingers and bacteria? This is beyond belief. This is a computer of the Quantum Kind.
The DNA alphabet consists of four letters, or bases: adenine, thymine, guanine and cytosine (A, T, G and C). . RNA is a genetic material similar to DNA, except it has a different chemical backbone and replaces the base thymine with uracil (U).
Living things translate DNA into proteins through a series of steps. First, enzymes “transcribe” the DNA into RNA. Then, structures called ribosomes translate the RNA into proteins, which are made up of strands of molecules called amino acids.
Professor Floyd Romesberg and his team created a new pair of DNA letters not found in nature. Getting the DNA into the cells was not easy, but the researchers were able to do it by way of a transporter, a protein that moves materials across cell membranes. Researchers expanded the genetic alphabet from four letters, or bases, to six, vastly increasing the number of proteins that can be made.
Now that the scientists have demonstrated an organism can incorporate artificial DNA letters into its genome, the next step will be showing it can convert the DNA into new proteins, which can be used to produce better drugs. This will need care because we don’t need any dangerous new creations. It may be possible to create a quantum computer?